Coronary Heart Disease is a type of heart disease caused by atherosclerosis. This involves blockage of the arteries and vessels which supply nutrients and oxygen to the heart due to stout buildup. If blockage occurs, the heart will have less blood flow thus leading to heart attack. Coronary heart disease may also lead to heart arrhythmias or changes in the heartbeat’s normal rhythm.
There are a lot of ways for coronary heart disease treatment. Changes in diet and exercise are the first line of prevention. These should be continued even if the person is already under medication or has undergone surgery. Medications for this disease include:
- Aspirin which helps prevent clotting
- Anticoagulants which also prevents blood clotting
- Beta blockers which slows heart rate and lower blood pressure
- Blood pressure medicines like angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors which also lowers blood pressure
- Calcium channel blockers which helps lower blood pressure and relax the blood vessels
Surgery and other procedures may also be recommended.
Risk Factors of Coronary heart disease
A major risk factor for death from coronary heart disease is age. Most of the people aged over 65 comprise more than 83% of people who die from coronary heart disease. People who are at risk of coronary heart disease are men aged 45, women aged at 55 and those whose parents had heart disease. Other risk factors can be affected by lifestyle changes, diets and habits like smoking. Obesity, diabetes and high blood pressure also pose a risk. The risk of developing coronary heart disease rises if a person has high cholesterol levels coupled with high blood pressure and smoking. Diabetes mellitus can trigger coronary heart disease and cardiovascular disease. Being inactive also contributes to gaining weight thus leading to coronary heart disease. Stress may also be a risk factor but the main problem here is how people respond to stress.
Signs of Coronary heart disease
One of the first signs if a person may have coronary heart disease is chest pains that are usually caused by emotional or physical stress. This is frequently called angina, a feeling of tightening on the chest area. Shortness of breath is also a sign which is a result when the heart has a decreasing ability to pump blood for the body. People experiencing this may also feel tiredness. The most serious sign is heart attack. Some people may also experience excessive sweating or nausea.